Lenticular Imaging

Artists have been exploring how to represent depth and 3-dimensionality for centuries. Lenticular printing is a technology in which lenses are used to produce images with an illusion of depth. This type printing has a fascinating history, from seventeenth century Royal portraits, to early corporate advertising, and kitsch memorabilia. Lenticular prints are now coming to the forefront in contemporary art and rightly taking their place in the history of art as a respected artistic medium. Lenticular printing is a technology in which lenticular lenses are used to produce images with an illusion of depth, or the ability to change or move as the image is viewed from different angles.

The technique uses several images, which are sliced into strips and interlaced together. A plastic sheet containing a set amount of linear prism-like lenses is then placed on top perfectly aligned with the images for the 3-dimensional effect to work. 

Depending on where the viewer is standing, each lens acts as a magnifying glass to enlarge and display a different portion of the image. The combination of many lenses working together with many interlaced images creates a three-dimensional horizontal image plane when the viewer looks at the image from a different angle from left to right. This is because each eye views the print from a slightly different angle and sees a different image with different perspective views of the subject, giving the 3D stereoscopic effect.

Lenticular imaging and printing forms an important part of the group’s activity, providing a useful three-dimensional ‘pre-visualization’ tool prior to creating a hologram. 

Higg’s Boson?

Modern Holography Ph.D. reseracher Pearl John exhibited the lenticular “Nanoseconds 1 15×12 inch microlens” (in the video below) at the Royal Society’s Summer Science Exhibition 2012. Dr Alexander Belyaev and CERN for the provided the data, Jon Mitton of 3D for creating the visualisation. Modern Holography’s Sandra Oliveira filmed the lenticulare for this video, with support from DMU AV specialist Jeremy Collingwood.